»Redfern versteht es echt, heikle Themen auf den Punkt zu bringen!«– Jim Marrs, Autor von»Die geheime Geschichte der Menschheit«. Ist ein großer Teil der. Ein Jahre altes Telefon sollen Archäologen in einem Ort im Bundesland Salzburg ausgegraben haben. Damit wäre bewiesen, dass Aliens. A kudurru (meaning 'boundary' or 'frontier' in Akkadian) is a type of stone document used in ancient Mesopotamia. While stone monuments have been used at.
Area 51 - wo wohnen die Außerirdischen wirklich?Unsere plötzliche Hochkultur, die Pyramidenkriege, UFOs und Riesen auf der Erde, genetische Eingriffe am Menschen schon lange vor dem alten Sumer und. Wenn man Minister ist, sollte man sich mit seinem Feld zumindest ein bisschen auskennen. Der irakische Transportminister hat sich nun als. Die Anunnaki (seit Adad-nīrārī III. selten auch dGÍŠ.U auch Anunaki, Anunaku, Anunnaku, Anunnaka) sind in der mesopotamischen Mythologie die Götter der.
Sumerer Aliens Navigation menu VideoWhy an ancient Mesopotamian tablet is key to our future learning - Tiffany Jenkins - TEDxSquareMile
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The Sumerians The five visible planets to the naked eye have Sumerian names invented and developed number systems with both base 10 decimal and base 6.
It became the standard number system of later civilizations and is still used today in degrees in a circle, the foot and its 12 inches and the dozen probably invented military formations and basic divisions of archers, infantry and cavalry established formal schools were the first to use kilns to fire clay developed intensive agriculture built high rise structures and developed the arch, buttresses, recesses, half-columns and clay nails had impressive medical expertise in diagnostic and surgical techniques developed textile and clothing industries had several other cultural "firsts" as well, such as the first proverbs, first library catalog, first historian and so on Is it any wonder that these people, who came from somewhere, but nobody knows where, have aroused such interest?
Wouldn't you want to know why? And the aliens? These beings were called the Annunaki. Gib deine E-Mail-Adresse an, um diesen Blog zu abonnieren und Benachrichtigungen über neue Beiträge via E-Mail zu erhalten.
Hier sind die bekanntesten Orte: — Menwith Hill, North Yorkshire UK — HAARP, Remote Mind Control Computer Center, Alaska 44 — Pine Gap, nahe Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australien.
Unterstütze Transinformation. Zurück Die Stimmen dieser Welt. November 1. Ähnliche Beiträge. Oktober um Different am Januar um Tara am 6.
August um Alexander Trojan am 5. Juni um Les doch Freeman u co, die sind lebende Beispiele, Peace, bin auch dabei dem kranken System den friedlichen Widerstand zu zeigen, geistig, sittliches Wesen alex aus d Familie trojan P.
März um Medicatedx am 2. Helga am November um Micha, wir nehmen zunächst alles ernst, ehe wir verwerfen. Christina am Hubertuss am Weil aber dadurch wieder die Bahn von Nibiru Heimatplanet der Annunaki verändert wurde, verliessen die fluchtartig die Erde, weil Sie sonst-nie-wieder auf Ihren Planeten gekommen wären… Antworten.
Hallo gibt es Dich noch hier Hilli? Hätte da noch eineige fragen an dich. Dragan Dubonjac am Juli um April — Kosmisch-Irdische Partnerschaften - […] Über die Anunnaki und wie die Welt regiert wird Aber bitte sehr achtsam….
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FM HERBST-PROGNOSE In addition to their advanced language and understanding of the cosmos, the Sumer civilization also used advanced farming techniques.
Much like their elaborate language system, the Sumerians also had a complex religious system with hundreds of gods, cosmology and rites.
According to their texts, each city in the civilization was guarded by its own god. Humans and gods lived amongst each other, and the humans were servants to these gods.
The Sumerian language is generally regarded as a language isolate in linguistics because it belongs to no known language family; Akkadian, by contrast, belongs to the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.
There have been many failed attempts to connect Sumerian to other language families. It is an agglutinative language ; in other words, morphemes "units of meaning" are added together to create words, unlike analytic languages where morphemes are purely added together to create sentences.
Some authors have proposed that there may be evidence of a substratum or adstratum language for geographic features and various crafts and agricultural activities, called variously Proto-Euphratean or Proto Tigrean, but this is disputed by others.
Understanding Sumerian texts today can be problematic. During the 3rd millennium BC, a cultural symbiosis developed between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.
Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere around the turn of the 3rd and the 2nd millennium BC,  but Sumerian continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary, and scientific language in Babylonia and Assyria until the 1st century AD.
Early writing tablet for recording the allocation of beer; — BC; height: 9. Cuneiform tablet about administrative account with entries concerning malt and barley groats; — BC; clay; 6.
Bill of sale of a field and house, from Shuruppak ; c. Stele of the Vultures ; c. The Sumerians credited their divinities for all matters pertaining to them and exhibited humility in the face of cosmic forces, such as death and divine wrath.
Sumerian religion seems to have been founded upon two separate cosmogenic myths. The first saw creation as the result of a series of hieroi gamoi or sacred marriages, involving the reconciliation of opposites, postulated as a coming together of male and female divine beings, the gods.
This pattern continued to influence regional Mesopotamian myths. Thus, in the later Akkadian Enuma Elish , creation was seen as the union of fresh and salt water, between male Abzu , and female Tiamat.
The products of that union, Lahm and Lahmu, "the muddy ones", were titles given to the gate keepers of the E-Abzu temple of Enki in Eridu , the first Sumerian city.
Mirroring the way that muddy islands emerge from the confluence of fresh and salty water at the mouth of the Euphrates, where the river deposits its load of silt, a second hieros gamos supposedly resulted in the creation of Anshar and Kishar, the "sky-pivot" or axle , and the "earth pivot", parents in turn of Anu the sky and Ki the earth.
Another important Sumerian hieros gamos was that between Ki, here known as Ninhursag or "Lady of the Mountains", and Enki of Eridu, the god of fresh water which brought forth greenery and pasture.
At an early stage, following the dawn of recorded history, Nippur , in central Mesopotamia, replaced Eridu in the south as the primary temple city, whose priests exercised political hegemony on the other city-states.
Nippur retained this status throughout the Sumerian period. Sumerians believed in an anthropomorphic polytheism, or the belief in many gods in human form.
There was no common set of gods; each city-state had its own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. Nonetheless, these were not exclusive; the gods of one city were often acknowledged elsewhere.
Sumerian speakers were among the earliest people to record their beliefs in writing, and were a major inspiration in later Mesopotamian mythology , religion , and astrology.
These deities formed a core pantheon; there were additionally hundreds of minor ones. Sumerian gods could thus have associations with different cities, and their religious importance often waxed and waned with those cities' political power.
The gods were said to have created human beings from clay for the purpose of serving them. The temples organized the mass labour projects needed for irrigation agriculture.
Citizens had a labor duty to the temple, though they could avoid it by a payment of silver. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed by a dome.
The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim ghost.
Their known world extended from The Upper Sea or Mediterranean coastline, to The Lower Sea , the Persian Gulf and the land of Meluhha probably the Indus Valley and Magan Oman , famed for its copper ores.
Ziggurats Sumerian temples each had an individual name and consisted of a forecourt, with a central pond for purification. Flanking the aisles would be rooms for the priests.
At one end would stand the podium and a mudbrick table for animal and vegetable sacrifices. Granaries and storehouses were usually located near the temples.
After a time the Sumerians began to place the temples on top of multi-layered square constructions built as a series of rising terraces, giving rise to the Ziggurat style.
It was believed that when people died, they would be confined to a gloomy world of Ereshkigal , whose realm was guarded by gateways with various monsters designed to prevent people entering or leaving.
The dead were buried outside the city walls in graveyards where a small mound covered the corpse, along with offerings to monsters and a small amount of food.
Those who could afford it sought burial at Dilmun. The Sumerians adopted an agricultural lifestyle perhaps as early as c.
The region demonstrated a number of core agricultural techniques, including organized irrigation , large-scale intensive cultivation of land, mono-cropping involving the use of plough agriculture , and the use of an agricultural specialized labour force under bureaucratic control.
The necessity to manage temple accounts with this organization led to the development of writing c. In the early Sumerian Uruk period, the primitive pictograms suggest that sheep , goats , cattle, and pigs were domesticated.
They used oxen as their primary beasts of burden and donkeys or equids as their primary transport animal and "woollen clothing as well as rugs were made from the wool or hair of the animals.
By the side of the house was an enclosed garden planted with trees and other plants; wheat and probably other cereals were sown in the fields, and the shaduf was already employed for the purpose of irrigation.
Plants were also grown in pots or vases. The Sumerians were one of the first known beer drinking societies. Cereals were plentiful and were the key ingredient in their early brew.
They brewed multiple kinds of beer consisting of wheat, barley, and mixed grain beers. Beer brewing was very important to the Sumerians.
It was referenced in the Epic of Gilgamesh when Enkidu was introduced to the food and beer of Gilgamesh's people: "Drink the beer, as is the custom of the land He drank the beer-seven jugs!
The Sumerians practiced similar irrigation techniques as those used in Egypt. They grew barley , chickpeas , lentils , wheat , dates , onions , garlic , lettuce , leeks and mustard.
Sumerians caught many fish and hunted fowl and gazelle. Sumerian agriculture depended heavily on irrigation. The irrigation was accomplished by the use of shaduf , canals , channels , dykes , weirs , and reservoirs.
The frequent violent floods of the Tigris , and less so, of the Euphrates , meant that canals required frequent repair and continual removal of silt , and survey markers and boundary stones needed to be continually replaced.
The government required individuals to work on the canals in a corvee , although the rich were able to exempt themselves.
As is known from the " Sumerian Farmer's Almanac ", after the flood season and after the Spring equinox and the Akitu or New Year Festival, using the canals, farmers would flood their fields and then drain the water.
Next they made oxen stomp the ground and kill weeds. They then dragged the fields with pickaxes. After drying, they plowed , harrowed , and raked the ground three times, and pulverized it with a mattock , before planting seed.
Unfortunately, the high evaporation rate resulted in a gradual increase in the salinity of the fields.
By the Ur III period, farmers had switched from wheat to the more salt-tolerant barley as their principal crop. Sumerians harvested during the spring in three-person teams consisting of a reaper , a binder , and a sheaf handler.
The Sumerians were great creators, nothing proving this more than their art. Sumerian artifacts show great detail and ornamentation, with fine semi-precious stones imported from other lands, such as lapis lazuli , marble , and diorite , and precious metals like hammered gold, incorporated into the design.
Since stone was rare it was reserved for sculpture. The most widespread material in Sumer was clay, as a result many Sumerina objects are made of clay.
Metals such as gold, silver, copper, and bronze, along with shells and gemstones, were used for the finest sculpture and inlays.
Small stones of all kinds, including more precious stones such as lapis lazuli, alabaster, and serpentine, were used for cylinder seals.
Some of the most famous masterpieces are the Lyres of Ur , which are considered to be the world's oldest surviving stringed instruments.
They have been discovered by Leonard Woolley when the Royal Cemetery of Ur has been excavated between from and Ram in a Thicket ; — BC; gold, copper, shell, lapis lazuli and limestone; height: Standard of Ur ; — BC; shell, red limestone and lapis lazuli on wood; length: Bull's head ornament from a lyre; — BC; bronze inlaid with shell and lapis lazuli ; height: The Tigris-Euphrates plain lacked minerals and trees.
Sumerian structures were made of plano-convex mudbrick , not fixed with mortar or cement. Mud-brick buildings eventually deteriorate, so they were periodically destroyed, leveled, and rebuilt on the same spot.
This constant rebuilding gradually raised the level of cities, which thus came to be elevated above the surrounding plain. The resultant hills, known as tells , are found throughout the ancient Near East.
According to Archibald Sayce , the primitive pictograms of the early Sumerian i. Uruk era suggest that "Stone was scarce, but was already cut into blocks and seals.
Brick was the ordinary building material, and with it cities, forts, temples and houses were constructed.
The city was provided with towers and stood on an artificial platform; the house also had a tower-like appearance.
It was provided with a door which turned on a hinge, and could be opened with a sort of key; the city gate was on a larger scale, and seems to have been double.
The foundation stones—or rather bricks—of a house were consecrated by certain objects that were deposited under them.
The most impressive and famous of Sumerian buildings are the ziggurats, large layered platforms that supported temples. Sumerian cylinder seals also depict houses built from reeds not unlike those built by the Marsh Arabs of Southern Iraq until as recently as CE.
The Sumerians also developed the arch , which enabled them to develop a strong type of dome. They built this by constructing and linking several arches.
Sumerian temples and palaces made use of more advanced materials and techniques, such as buttresses , recesses , half columns , and clay nails.
The Sumerians developed a complex system of metrology c. This advanced metrology resulted in the creation of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra.
Sie betrieben Landwirtschaft auf künstlich bewässerten Feldern und Viehzucht, welche die materielle Grundlage bildeten für die ersten bekannten Städte.
Ihre Keilschrift, um v. Ihre Sprache ist mit keiner anderen verwandt und wir wissen nicht, woher die Sumerer ursprünglich kamen.
Die Sumerer benutzten die Schrift überwiegend für Berechnungen ihrer Wassergräben, für die Auflistung von Schulden, die Vermessung von Land und für andere pragmatische Zwecke.
So dauerte es nicht lange, und die Gebiete wurden unter den verschiedenen Nationen aufgeteilt. So gruben die Franzosen in Dur-Scharrukin , die Engländer in Ninive und die Deutschen in Assur und Babylon.
Ein wichtiger Punkt in der Geschichte der Sumerer ist die Wirtschaft und speziell die Tempelwirtschaft. So arbeitete nicht jeder für sich alleine auf seinem Feld, sondern er tat es für die Allgemeinheit bzw.
Zu Anfang wurden die verschiedenen Waren einfach nur mit Lehmklumpen verplombt, auf denen die Anzahl der eingeschlossenen Waren stand. Später ging man dazu über, Stempelsiegel von Beamten und Priestern auf die Lehmklumpen zu pressen, die mit ihrem Siegel für die Authentizität standen.
Die Sumerer erfanden in diesem Zusammenhang das Rollsiegel , das nicht nur ein spezielles Konterfei darstellte, sondern teilweise ganze Symbolkreise darstellen konnte.
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